Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) refers to a spectrum of physical and neurological conditions, occurring because of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure in utero. FASD is considered a permanent brain injury where the connections, neurons and network of the brain have been permanently changed.
ErinoakKids has an FASD Worker who provides services and support to families in Peel. The FASD worker offers a one-on-one consultation and follow-up services with parents and caregivers of children with FASD.
Did you know...
Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
Primary vs. Secondary Characteristics
FASD is 2.5x more common than Autism
FASD affects more than 4% of the Canadian population (approximately 1,500,000 Canadians have FASD)
Prenatal Alcohol Exposure can affect 10 brain domains:
Neuorphysiology / Neuronanatomy
can result in specific physical facial features (however, less than 10% of the population presents with the physical facial features)
Approaching FASD within the Neurobehavioural Model is important to understanding the disability.
Primary characteristics are learning, developmental and/or physical responses to the environment. Primary characteristics are related to brain function and structure.
Secondary characteristics are normal human reactions to pain. Secondary defensive behaviours indicate poor fit between the person and their environment. Secondary characteristics are preventable through identification and elimination of their source.